Crocodiles

American Alligator

A powerful prehistoric hunter

The American alligator is a large reptile with a length of 3.4 to 4.6 m and can weigh up to 500 kilograms. It has between 74 and 80 teeth, and when the jaws are closed, the upper jaws cover the lower teeth.

Characteristics

Order:
Crocodylia

Family:
Alligatoridae

Scientific name:
Alligator mississippiensis

Habitat:
Swamps, rivers, ponds, lakes

Origin:
USA

Current trend:
Increase

Number of individuals in the world:
750.000-1.060.000

Lifetime:
35-50 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

Spectacled Caiman

Master of fast swimming

The common caiman is a small to medium-sized dark gray crocodile. It grows to a length of 1.4 to 2.5 m and a weight of 6 to 40 kg. It has a long, tapering nose with an underdeveloped tip. It can move quickly when threatened, but usually rests on the shore or partially in the water. During the rainy season, males become aggressive  and territorial.

Characteristics

Order:
Crocodylia

Family:
Alligatoridae

Scientific name:
Caiman crocodilus

Habitat:
Forests, rivers, lakes, savannas

Origin:
Latin America

Current trend:
Stable

Number of individuals in the world:
1.000.000

Lifetime:
30-40 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

African Dwarf Crocodile

The smallest keeper of the marshes

The dwarf crocodile is a crocodile from Africa that inhabits streams, small rivers, mudflats and generally avoids the main parts of large rivers. Although most crocodiles are often exposed to the sun, this species rarely basks, and during the night they can move a considerable distance from the water on land.

Characteristics

Order:
Crocodylia

Family:
Alligatoridae

Scientific name:
Osteolaemus tetraspis

Habitat:
Streams, rivers, mud

Origin:
West Africa

Current trend:
Unknown

Number of individuals in the world:
Unknown

Lifetime:
30-50 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

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