Turtles

Snapping Turtle

Common turtle

The snapping turtle can reach a length of up to 45 cm. This large turtle is characterized by irritable behavior, and can bite strongly in danger. It has a large head, a small abdominal shell and a rough dorsal shell, often covered with algae. During the day, it waits for prey, and at night it becomes an active hunter, using sudden movements of the head to catch small mammals, birds, fish, invertebrates and plants.

Characteristics

Order:
Testudines

Family:
Chelydridae

Scientific name:
Chelydra serpentina

Habitat:
Lakes, rivers, swamps

Origin:
North America

Current trend:
Stable

Number of individuals in the world:
Unknown

Lifetime:
about 30 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

Red-eared Turtle

A semi-aquatic turtle

The red-eared turtle is a semi-aquatic turtle native to the southern parts of the United States. Their physical appearance includes red or orange stripes behind the eyes, while the cub’s carapace is oval and green with horn-like plates. Their characteristic beak is used for killing and chopping food, and their nose allows them to breathe above the surface of the water.

Characteristics

Order:
Testudines

Family:
Emydidae

Scientific name:
Trachemys scripta elegans

Habitat:
Lakes, rivers, muddy habitats

Origin:
Северна и Средња Америка

Current trend:
Stable

Number of individuals in the world:
Unknown

Lifetime:
20-30 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

Yellow-bellied Slider Turtle

The golden beauty of the southern waters

The yellow-eared turtle is native to the southeastern United States. They are known for their varied colors and people often choose them as pets. Their upper armor is usually brown and black, with orange stripes.

Characteristics

Order:
Testudines

Family:
Emydidae

Scientific name:
Trachemys scripta scripta

Habitat:
Lakes, rivers, muddy habitats

Origin:
USA

Current trend:
Stable

Number of individuals in the world:
Unknown

Lifetime:
over 30 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

European Pond Turtle

Gracefulness in water

The pond turtle is characterized by variable coloration and hibernation during the cold season. Its activities, including feeding and migration, change seasonally.

Characteristics

Order:
Testudines

Family:
Emydidae

Scientific name:
Emys orbicularis

Habitat:
Lakes, rivers, freshwater areas

Origin:
Europe, Asia and Africa

Current trend:
Unknown

Number of individuals in the world:
Unknown

Lifetime:
about 30 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

African Spurred Tortoise

Big and rare

The African armored turtle is the largest land turtle species in the world. Males weigh about 81 kg on average, and males weighing over 100 kg have also been recorded. They grow quickly, reaching a height of 15-25 cm in the first years of life. Turtles grow faster when there is more rainfall.

Characteristics

Order:
Testudines

Family:
Testudinidae

Scientific name:
Geochelone sulcata

Habitat:
Shrubland, grassland

Origin:
Africa

Current trend:
Decrease

Number of individuals in the world:
Unknown

Lifetime:
over 75 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

Шумска корњача

A resident of the Mediterranean

The wood turtle, also known as the loggerhead, is a small to medium-sized turtle with teeth, a strong nose and short, stocky legs. The armor is olive yellow with dark patterns.

Characteristics

Order:
Testudines

Family:
Testudinidae

Scientific name:
Testudo hermanni

Habitat:
Forest, shrubland

Origin:
Europe

Current trend:
Decrease

Number of individuals in the world:
Unknown

Lifetime:
about 30 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

Marginated Tortoise

Elegant and durable

The marginal tortoise is the largest European tortoise, reaching a weight of up to 5 kg and a length of 35 cm. Her armor is elongated, until the back of the armor is pasta-shaped, protruding like a bell.

Characteristics

Order:
Testudines

Family:
Testudinidae

Scientific name:
Testudo marginata

Habitat:
Forest, shrubland

Origin:
Europe

Current trend:
Stable

Number of individuals in the world:
Unknown

Lifetime:
30-50 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

Chinese Softshell Turtle

Queen of Chinese rivers

The Chinese softshell turtle is a species of turtle endemic to China and Taiwan. They have leathery and flexible armor that allows them to move more easily in open water or in the muddy bottom of a lake.

Characteristics

Order:
Testudines

Family:
Trionychidae

Scientific name:
Pelodiscus sinensis

Habitat:
Lakes, rivers

Origin:
China and Taiwan

Current trend:
Decrease

Number of individuals in the world:
Unknown

Lifetime:
about 30 years

*Source iucnredlist.org

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